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Animal and Plant Species in the Project Area

Within the LIFE project area numerous animal and plant species have been identified, among them many endangered species that are on the so-called Red List. We will now give a brief introduction to the species inventory of some selected groups.

Birds:

Between April and August 2006, the breeding birds living on open land and those living at the edges of forests in the project area were counted. Four comprehensive checks were performed by the NLWKN nature conservation centre Unterelbe. A number of supplementary checks of part areas were contributed by Bernd Letto (landscape warden of the city of Cuxhaven) and Wilhelm Lemke (NABU Cuxhaven).
Neuntöter Bildrechte: Schaffhäuser
Male red-backed shrike

The most common bird species in open heath areas and at the forest edges were skylarks, tree pipits and yellowhammers. There is a significant population of all three species in the area. The table below shows the mapping result of 2006 for some characteristic bird species of open land.

Species

RL-G

RL-LS

Number of P/T

Density
(P/T per 100 ha)

Sky lark

Alauda arvensis

N

3

115

19,8

Tree pipit

Anthus trivialis

N

N

90

15,5

Yellowhammer

Emberiza citrinella

55

9,5

Whitethroat

Sylvia communis

19

3,3

Stonechat

Saxicola torquata

3

8

1,4

Woodlark

Lullula arborea

3

2

5

0,9

Red-backed shrike

Lanius collurio

3

3

0,5

Nightjar

Caprimulgus europaeus

2

2

1-2

0,3

P/T = Pairs per Territory, 2 = strongly endangered, 3 = endangered, N = Near endangerment.
RL-G = Red List, Status Germany.
RL-LS = Red List, Status Lower Saxony.

To date 73 species of breeding birds and 88 species of migrant birds have been identified.

Reptiles and Amphibians:

For these two species groups, no current systematic mappings have been carried out. During the evaluation of results for the newly created small ponds, a detailed list of amphibians in the existing and new ponds as of 2007 will be compiled.
Moorfrosch Bildrechte: NLWKN
Moor frog

The following species have been confirmed in the LIFE project area:

Species

RL-G

RL-LS

Sand lizard

Lacerta agilis

3

3

Viviparous lizard

Lacerta vivipara

Blindworm

Anguis fragilis

European adder

Vipera berus

2

3

European toad

Bufo bufo

Moor frog

Rana arvalis

2

3

Common water frog

Rana kl. esculenta

Common newt

Triturus vulgaris

Locusts:

To date, locusts have not been systematically researched in the LIFE project area. Due to the prevailing heaths and lean turf the inhabitants of open, dry and warm habitats are dominant.The relatively large population of the wart-biter cricket deserves special mention.

Species

RL-G

RL-LS

Lesser marsh grasshopper

Chorthippus albomarginatus

Duetting grasshopper

Chorthippus biguttulus

Field grasshopper

Chorthippus brunneus

Tetered grasshopper

Chorthippus mollis

N

Meadow grasshopper

Chorthippus parallelus

Stripe-winged grasshopper

Stenobothrus lineatus

3

Common green grasshopper

Omocestus viridulus

Mottled grasshopper

Myrmeleotettix maculatus

Sort-winged conehead

Conocephalus dorsalis

3

Great green bush-cricket

Tettigonia viridissima

Bog bush-cricket

Metrioptera brachyptera

Wart-biter cricket

Decticus verrucivorus

3

2

Dragonflies:

Despite the very few ponds and streams in the LIFE project area, the city of Cuxhaven proved in the years 2004-2006 to have a species-rich dragonfly fauna with 25 species of dragonflies and a large number of specialised species.
Heidelibelle Bildrechte: Scherer
Darter

The dragonfly fauna is particularly species-rich in the marshland of the "Menyanthes-Sumpf" (17 species) and near the "Fasanerie" area (20 species). During the evaluation of results for the newly created small ponds, the compilation of a list of dragonflies in the existing and new ponds will be intensified as of 2007.

Species

RL-G

RL-LS

Emperor dragonfly

Anax imperator

Southern hawker

Aeshna cyanea

Brown hawker

Aeshna grandis

N

Common hawker

Aeshna juncea

3

3

Migrant hawker

Aeshna mixta

Subarctic darner

Aeshna subarctica

1

2

Small red damselfly

Ceriagrion tenellum

1

1

Northern damselfly

Coenagrion hastulatum

3

3

Azure damselfly

Coenagrion puella

Variable damselfly

Coenagrion pulchellum

3

Downy emerald

Cordulia aenea

N

Common blue damselfly

Enallagma cyathigerum

Blue-tailed damselfly

Ischnura elegans

Scarce emerald damselfly

Lestes dryas

3

2

Emerald damselfly

Lestes sponsa

Green emerald damselfly

Lestes viridis

White-faced dragonfly

Leucorrhinia dubia

2

3

Northern white-faced darter

Leucorrhinia rubicunda

2

3

Broad-bodied chaser

Libellula depressa

Four-spotted chaser

Libellula quadrimaculata

Large red damselfly

Pyrrhosoma nymphula

Black darter

Sympetrum danae

Yello-winged darter

Sympetrum flaveolum

3

Ruddy darter

Sympetrum sanguineum

Vagrant darter

Sympetrum vulgatum

In addition, an older observation of Leucorrhinia pectoralis exists from the Moorschlatt area near Altenwalde. However, this species has not been confirmed there for several years.

Vascular Plants:

Within the framework of the biotope and habitat cataloguing under the Habitats Directive, performed in the LIFE project area in 2006, the vascular plants and especially the growth areas of endangered groups were mapped.
Sonnentau und Sumpf-Bärlapp Bildrechte: NLWKN
Sundew and marsh clubmoss

The list of plants consists of 189 species, but it can be assumed that this list is not yet complete.

Species

RL-G

RL-LS

Pop.-Size

Bog-rosemary

Andromeda polifolia

3

3

6

Arnica

Arnica montana

3

2

(6)

Vernal water-starwort

Callitriche palustris

3

6

Marsh marigold

Caltha palustris

3

3

Wooll-fruit sedge

Carex lasiocarpa

3

3

8

Carnation sedge

Carex panicea

3

7

Little green sedge

Carex viridula var. viridula

N

3

Heath spotted-orchid

Dactylorhiza maculata

3

3

5

Spoonleaf sundew

Drosera intermedia

3

3

6

Round-leaved sundew

Drosera rotundifolia

3

3

6

Many-stalked spike-rush

Eleocharis multicaulis

2

2

7

Petty Whin

Genista anglica

3

3

7

Silky leaf woadwaxen

Genista pilosa

3

3

Marsh Gentian

Gentiana pneumonanthe

3

2

3

Coral necklace

Illecebrum verticillatum

3

3

8

Common juniper

Juniperus communis

3

2

Marsh Clubmoss

Lycopodiella inundata

3

3

6

Bogbean

Menyanthes trifoliata

3

3

6

Sweet gale

Myrica gale

3

3

6

Bog asphodel

Narthecium ossifragum

3

3

7

Royal fern

Osmunda regalis

3

3

6

Lousewort

Pedicularis sylvatica

3

2

6

Bog pondweed

Potamogeton polygonifolius

3

3

6

Yello rattle

Rhinanthus minor

N

2

White beak-sedge

Rhynchospora alba

3

3

7

Brown beak-sedge

Rhynchospora fusca

2

2

8

Viper's grass

Scorzonera humilis

3

2

2

German deergrass

Trichophorum cespitosum ssp. germanicum

3

3

5

Life Bildrechte: NLWKN

Artikel-Informationen

Ansprechpartner/in:
Gerd-Michael Heinze

Nds. Landesbetrieb für Wasserwirtschaft, Küsten- und Naturschutz
Geschäftsbereich Regionaler Naturschutz
Außenstelle "Naturschutzstation Unterelbe"
Alte Hafenstr. 2
D-21729 Freiburg
Tel: +49 (0)4779 / 92681-14
Fax: +49 (0)4779 / 92681-15

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